Re-writing texts for graded readers

The following is related to an #iTDi course on ELT Reading materials design.

A slideshare presentation by Ryota Ito (@i_narrator)[] shows some fascinating differences found in #graded #readers of #Sherlock #Holmes stories that goes beyond simple lexical coverage. Using factor analysis he reports 3 factors that differentiate original readers of Sherlock Holmes from their graded reader equivalents.

The three factors are

1. keywords and explicitness

2. century (19C vs 20C)

4. subjectivity

The first screen shot shows keywords in Original Readers (OR) and Graded Readers (GR):


In GR there is an increase in explicitness (see next screenshot), increase in colloquialisms and reduction in post-modifiers (e.g. prepositional phrases, relative clauses).

The following is a screenshot illustrating explicitness i.e. the graded readers are re-written to explicitly indicate who is talking:

[Screenshot2 –]

The next screenshot shows first person rewrites of third person language:

[Screenshot3 –]

And the following is again a subjective factor, this time maybe can be described as conversational/spoken language rewrite with the use of But:

[Screenshot4 –]

This was a great slide presentation for me with regard to graded readers as I was only previously thinking about token issues rather than wider text issues such as explicitness, first person/third person, subjective/objective.

All errors and omissions mine and not Ryota Ito’s.


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